Tomotomo atu waikano

i whakawhanakehia titaria waikano tuatahi mo te tae o cellulose tāpia, a he wai-rewa. E miro ana te tae hurihia i roto i te aroaro o te kaihoko Horo atu, me te hokona rite te whakapiri, te rehu-maroke, ka hokona rite te puehu ranei. Ratou whakamahi matua, ko te ki te tae pareaku, engari e taea hoki te whakamahi ratou ki tae nairona, cellulose triacetate, me muka kiriaku. I roto i ētahi wā, kua hiahiatia he pāmahana tae o 130 ° C (266 ° F), ka whakamahia he dyebath pressurized te. Te rahi matūriki rawa pai homai he wāhi mata nui e ki te taonga whakakorenga tukua hāpainga i te muka. Ka taea e te auau tae kia tino awe e te kōwhiringa o whakamararatia kaihoko whakamahia i roto i te huri.

waikawa waikano

Waikawa waikano he waikano anionic wai-wairewa e kua tono ki muka pērā i hiraka, huruhuru, nairona me kaka kiriaku whakarerekētia mā te whakamahi i kūpapa ki te waikawa pati tae. Kei te pēnei Āpitihanga ki te muka, i te iti rawa tetahi wahi, ki te hanganga tote i waenganui i ngā rōpū anionic i roto i te tae me ngā rōpū cationic i roto i te muka. e kore e lalahi ki muka cellulosic waikawa waikano. hinga te nuinga o ngā tae kai waihanga i roto i tēnei kāwai.

Basic waikano

waikano Basic He waikano cationic wai-wairewa e e te nuinga tono ki muka kiriaku, engari kitea etahi whakamahi mō te huruhuru hipi me te hiraka. Ko te tikanga kua tapiritia waikawameha ahetiki ki te pati tae ki te āwhina i te hāpainga o te tae ki runga i te muka. Kei te whakamahia hoki ngā waikano Basic i roto i te Whaitae o te pepa.

poka waikano

He tino rewakore i roto i te wai, me te hē o te whākano tika muka waikano takahanga. Heoi, whakaiti i roto i te waipiro kawakore hua te tote whakarewa alkali wai-wairewa o te waikano. Ko tenei puka maha te huitahi, i roto i nei take e kīia ai ki rite te tae Leuco, a kua he marena mo te muka pueru. whakahounga hāora muri te waikano rewa taketake. Ko te tae o te Tenimi he tika ki te poropango, te tae takahanga taketake.

Direct waikano

Kei te tikanga waikano Direct kawea atu i roto i te pati tae kūpapa ranei paku kawakore, i tata wāhi kohua ranei, me te tua o rānei konutai pūhaumāota (NaCl) konutai pākawa ngāwhā (Na2SO4) konutai pākawa waro (Na2CO3) ranei ranei. E whakamahia waikano Direct i runga i te miro, pepa, hiako, huruhuru, hiraka me te nairona. Kei te whakamahia hoki ratou rite tohu pH me te rite stains koiora.

te pūngāwhā waikano

tae whanariki He waikano ngāwari e whakamahia ana ki te tae miro ki te tae pouri. mahia tae e te whakawera i te papanga i roto i te otinga o te pūhui organic, te nuinga he pārōnaki nitrophenol, me sulfide ranei polysulfide. tauhohe te pūhui organic ki te puna sulfide ki te hanga i tae pouri e piri ki te papanga. Whanariki Black 1, te hoko tae nui i te rōrahi, e kore e whai i te hanganga matū pai tautuhi.

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