qhalakanyetsa lidae

Qhalakanyetsa lidae ne qalong ntshetswa pele bakeng sa ho daea tsa selulose ea acetate, 'me ke metsi-insoluble. The lidae tse khabeloa fatše ka ho ba teng ha moemeli li qhalakanya le rekisoa e le ho peista, kapa spray-omisitsoeng le e rekisoa e le phofo e. ho sebelisa ha bona se seholo ke ho dae poliester, empa ba e ka boela ea sebelisoa ho dae nylon selulose triacetate, le likhoele lesela la acrylic. Maemong a mang, e le ho daea mocheso oa 130 ° C (266 ° F) Ho hlokahala, 'me ka dyebath pressurized e sebediswa. Tefiso haholo phatsa boholo fana e kholo holim'a sebaka seo hore lithuso tsa shoa hoa ho lumella uptake ke faeba ka. Sekhahla ho daea ka haholo susumetsoa ke le ho khetha qhalakanya moemeli sebelisoa nakong ea sila.

asiti lidae

Asiti lidae tse metsi-qhibilihang ka har'a anionic lidae tse sebelisoa ho sebelisoa masela a kang silika, ulu, nylon le fetotsoeng likhoele lesela la acrylic sebelisa ho se nke lehlakore ho libaka tsa ho tola dae acid e. Re inehele ho faeba e ngotsoe, bonyane karolo e 'ngoe, ho letsoai sebopeho pakeng tsa lihlopha anionic ka lidae le lihlopha cationic ka faeba ka. Asiti lidae tse sa substantive ho likhoele cellulosic. Ho fetisisa a maiketsetso a mebala lijo oela sehlopha sena.

Basic lidae

lidae tsa motheo tse metsi-qhibilihang ka har'a cationic lidae tse haholo-holo sebelisoa ho likhoele lesela la acrylic, empa fumana ba bang ba sebelisoa bakeng sa ulu le silika. Hangata acid e acetic e phaella ka ho re ho ea dae hlapa ho thusa uptake la dae le holim'a faeba ka. lidae tsa motheo li le boetse le sebelisoa ka coloration tsa pampiri.

faki lidae

Faki lidae tse hantle insoluble ka metsi le khone ho daea li likhoele ho toba. Leha ho le joalo, ho fokotseha ha joala alkaline hlahisa metsi-qhibilihang ka har'a le a alkali tšepe letsoai la dae le. foromo ena hangata colorless, tabeng eo e bitsoa Leuco dae, 'me e na le amana le ho faeba ka Textile. liphetoho morago ga moo e ho kena moea le pele insoluble dae. 'Mala oa bokate ke ka lebaka la ho Indigo, le pele faki dae.

ka ho toba lidae

lidae ho toba a ka tloaelo o atlehe ka ho se nke lehlakore kapa hanyenyane alkaline dae ea bate, ho kapa haufi le ntlha phehile, ka go tlaleletsa ka e ka ba sodium chloride (NaCl) kapa sulfate sodium (Na2SO4) kapa sodium carbonate (Na2CO3). lidae otlolohileng a sebelisoang ka k'hothone, pampiri, letlalo, ulu, silika le la nylon. Ba ne ba boetse ba sebelisa e le litsupa ph le e litsila tse teng tsa likokoana-hloko.

sebabole lidae

Sebabole lidae tse lidae theko e tlaase sebelisoa ho dae k'hothone le mebala e lefifi. Daea e tlisa ka futhumatsang lesela ka tharollo ea motsoako ya manyolo, ka tloaelo ho ka nitrophenol sehlahisoa, le sulfide kapa polysulfide. The komponeng manyolo a leka ho le mohloding sulfide ho theha mebala lefifi hore ba khomarele lesela. Sebabole Black 1, kholo ka ho fetisisa ho rekisa dae ka bophahamo ba modumo, ha a na hantle hlalosoa sebopeho lik'hemik'hale.

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